When analyzing a classic news article, reportage or new journalism, concepts, methods and genre understandings must help to analyze what the text says, how it says it, how it is constructed, how the individual parts of the text interact, and why the individual parts of the text are included.
What does the text say?
First you clarify what the text says overall. It is typically in the box, but often it will be more included in the article than the box tells, so the article’s point is often larger and wider than the box.
Once you have clarified the point of the article, examine how that point is advanced. How is the article structured, what language does it use? And here it is important to keep in mind that you are thinking about a ‘because’ so that you are pointed to the effect of the linguistic and rhetorical choices chosen by the journalist.
The composition, including the news triangle
An analysis of the composition of the text must be an analysis of how a text is structured based on, for example, the news triangle. Here it is especially worth noting which parts of the text fit into the news triangle: where are the passages of the text that point to the headline and sub-heading of the news article? Equally important is to look at the passages of the texts that are not framed by the news triangle. Here it becomes interesting to ask why the parts are included. What significance for the news article’s statements / points do the parts of the text have that are not framed by the news triangle?
The composition is also important for reporting and new journalism. What starts with? And why exactly this? How is the course of the text hereafter – and how is it rounded off? You can use concepts from the literary analysis to get control of told time and tell time, backward vision or mindfulness etc.
What news criteria are present in the text? Which news criteria are the most important and which are secondary? By pointing to specific passages, one can idea how to document where the news criteria is established in the text, by p. Also, please unfold if there are some basic socially established discourses that a news article speaks into. Conflict matter is also important. Some conflicts are explicitly present – others may be more implicit.
The linguistic style
Interesting is a characteristic of the linguistic style, but it is also worth noting where the text in its linguistic style breaks with the genre. In the characteristic you point out what are the characteristics of the article and especially that which helps to underpin the genre. For example, one identifies the way sentences are structured (hypothetical or paratactic) to determine whether the text is trying to explain some contexts (typically hyoptactic sentence structure) or whether descriptions are (typically paratactic). So one has to point out the function of the sentence structures – why it is precisely the type of sentence structure chosen for the article. It may also help to point to the recipient group.
The word choice is also looked at – and especially the word choice that seems to contain an extra meaning, a connotation, because here the journalist may have colored the text in a special direction. Precisely in an analysis of the classic news article, it is obvious to look at how the journalist chooses some particular words to implicitly or subtly express something more than what the headline suggests, such as an attitude.
In a report or in new journalism, the word choice is much more likely to contain connotations. But here too, there is a significant need to look at breaches of genre expectations. Because in the brides there is an importance. Why does the journalist choose to write this way in that particular section? What is the meaning of the text? And what effect does it have on the recipient?
The role of the journalist
Another angle is to work with the role of the journalist. In the reportage and new journalism, the journalist is far more present than in a news article, but that does not mean that she is not present in her choice of words and in her statements – which should be evidenced in quotes from interviews and facts, as the article based on. It is worth investigating whether the allegations of what the journalist writes are embodied in the text of interviews and facts, or whether the journalist cannot argue what she says. For then, the article and the news article have suffered a defeat in credibility.
It is rare for an article to adhere 100% to its genre. And this is especially true of the reporter and new journalism, which allows for the blending of the classic news article when giving facts. Conversely, a news article may contain report-like introductions to arouse a greater interest in the article. In the work on genre breaks, it is helpful to point out why there is a genre break – what benefit does the news have that one or more passages are written in a different style than what one expects from the genre?
What angle does the journalist have on the topic or event? This can typically be seen in many of the language choices (word choices), but also in the genre choices: Reporting and new journalism do some other things than the classic news article can. And the other way around. So many of the analyzes you have made of the linguistic style, the role of the journalist and the news criteria may have something to say about the angle.