The report is another journalistic news genre you can find in newspapers and online newspapers. The genre should give the reader an experience of what it is like to be in a gang environment, to stand in the middle of a natural disaster or what it is like to be a refugee and come to the border of Denmark.
The journalist is visiting a different environment that you do not normally come into: a London after a terrorist attack, a surfing environment in Klitmøller. ‘Man’ is understood here as the ordinary Dane, and through a report the journalist gives his version of what the foreign environment looks like to his reader. The journalist is the reader’s eyes, ear and nose in the alien environment: how it looks, what sounds are there, what happens.
The interviews should enhance the reader’s experience of being present and understanding the foreign environment. The strength of the report is therefore that it gives the reader an insight into how the foreign environment is experienced for those who are in it.
Reporting can therefore follow an elderly person in a nursing home, a politician in the middle of a shit storm or a refugee on their way to Denmark, and the reader therefore gets an experience of what it is like to be exactly there; what it is like to be an elder in a nursing home, a politician in a shit storm or a refugee on the way to Denmark.
The special characteristic of the report is the form of production, which differs markedly from a news article. Often the journalist is explicitly present in the form of an ‘I’ in the text. This means that the journalist stands out for the reader.
Sensations from the environment are included so that the reader gets an understanding of what looks and what happens while it is happening. One could say that the report forms a filmic recording of what is happening in the environment in which the journalist is located. Thus, the journalist uses a scenic mode of production with a focus on depicting what the environment looks like.
For this reason, the journalist uses a picturesque language that contains a wide range of connotations to enable the reader to understand what it is like to be in the environment. Linguistic imagery and language tools are a central part of an analysis of a report. Furthermore, there are interviews from those in the environment.
It is important for the report that the journalist is the self-narrator of the text, and she tells only what she can see and hear. To describe it in more detail, you could say that the journalist is the camera recording the alien environment and filming interviews.
It is not people in the environment who carry the camera and give us an insight into the environment from their own perspective. That is why a classic reportage does not use an inside view of people in the environment: The journalist does not crawl into the heads of those who are the environment and tells about the environment from within, but stays constantly like the outsider who is visiting.
Writing a report does not mean that the news criteria are not present, because they certainly are. In an attempt to reach out so that the reader gets an insight into the foreign environment, the journalist can try to identify, but the journalist can also with his article give an insight into what London looks like the day after a current event as a terrorist attack (topicality) , or describe how community groups that are not normally part of the public debate view the world (materiality).